Hockey Tips

In January of 2018, club members received these Ice Hockey Tips from Steve Reyer, who passed in June of 2018. These tips seem to be very fitting in light of the MSOE Field Trip coming up on January 12, so here are Steve’s tips:

ACTION IS FAIRLY FAST AND LIGHT IS LOW. SHUTTER SPEEDS OF 1/500 OR FASTERARE DESIRED

1. Choosea“fast”lens — one that can be opened up rather wide, such as f/2.8 or even f/2 if you have it. A lens with the widest aperture of f/3.5-4.5 can be used too. If you have something super fast, such as an 85mm f/1.2, bring it along. A focal length around 100mm is good. I use a 70-200mm lens, but some people use a 135mm prime lens, for example. You won’t need anything longer than 200mm, to be sure. A wide maxi- mum aperture (small f-number) is more important than a particular focal length.

2. Image stabilized (Canon) (vibration reduction on Nikon) lenses can be used in “panning” mode — “mode 2” on a Canon lens. Some IS (or VR) lenses have only one IS/VR mode. In that case you’ll probably want to turn off the IS/VR,as it will“fight”you as you attempt to pan with the players. I often turn IS off, even though I have a dual-mode IS lens.

3.OPTIONAL Start by taking a shot of the ice in Program mode,and use this to set your camera’s custom white balance (see the camera’s instruc-tion booklet). The ice is a relatively whitish surface and can be usedas a color reference. Unfortunately, the color ofthe lighting varies from one end ofa rink to the other, andsometimes from instant to instant (rapid flickering of the lights,not perceivable by eye). Or, just use automatic white balance mode.

4.I usually run my camera in aperture prioritymode (Av mode),with the lens wide open—f/2.8 in my case. Wide open gives a shallow depthof field, unfortunately, making focus errors more apparent, but lets in muchneeded light. This will generate faster shutter speeds. With the fixed aperture and fixed ISO in Av mode, the camera’smeter adjusts the shutter speed accordingly.

5.The ice is quite bright and will confuse the camera’s meter, making the ice appear gray. To compensate for this, increase the camera’s exposure compensation by one stop orso. This augments the metering—you’retelling the camera that the meter is giving a conservative reading, and you need more light. Unfortunately, this will slow the shutter speed by a stop (that’s how it gets more light, after all). To bump the shutter speed back up,

increase the ISO setting, such as to ISO 1600. Keeping the meter-adjusted shutter speed at 1/500 or faster is the goal (ha. ha). The trade-off is that high ISO photos can be noisy.

6.Run the camera in “continuous” shooting mode, where you can fire off a sequence of shots at top speed (3 fps will work, but 5 or even 8 isnicer). Operate the focus in“servo” mode using the center focus point only so the focus will track the moving players.

JPEG or RAW? Unless you have a strong reason for shooting RAW, I’d avoidit (use JPEG instead). With RAW the cam- era’s buffer will fill up quickly on fast-shot sequences, the memory card fillsquickly, and post processing can take a long time.I can easily shoot 500 shots duringa game, of whichmaybe 5-8% are worth keeping, and maybe 1-2% are actually “nice”. Dealing with JPEGs is easier,in my opinion, with few draw backs if exposure is reasonably close.

7.Some people prefer “manual” metering mode. You have to experiment with this, but start with the lens wide open and shutter speeds around 1/500-1/750. Adjust ISO for agood histogram (keeping the ice “bright”). The brightness of the lighting canvary from one end of the rink to the other, and this can be a problem in manual mode.

8.Have fun with the new challenge!